Improving maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes in Malawi

Organisational culture
December 13, 2017
Financial Performance and Health Analysis
December 13, 2017

Coursework Title: Improving maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes in Malawi
Coursework Brief:

Background

Malawi is a land locked country situated in Southern Africa bordered by Mozambique, Zambia and Tanzania. Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world and poverty is widespread. The country has a population of approx. 17million (World Bank, 2017) and is still largely reliant on agriculture. Poverty is widespread and the country is one of the worst hit in terms of HIV/AIDS. Infant mortality rate remains very high, 79 per 1,000 live births and one in every hundred women will die in pregnancy or childbirth (Oxfam, 2015). In the UK the infant mortality rate is 3.7 per 1,000 (Office for National Statistics, 2017). One of the key issues for Malawi is access to healthcare, especially in rural areas. Often health facilities are too far away to travel to.

There are a number of UK charities currently running projects in Malawi, these projects seek to address a number of different aims and are diverse in nature ranging from establishing farmers co-operatives to testing of a drone corridor for the delivery of humanitarian aid (BBC, 2017).

The Brief
You are a project co-ordinator for a UK based charity. You are tasked with developing THREE possible project proposals to present to the Charity Executive. You are then required to choose only ONE of your three options and conduct a critical appraisal of the options you have identified and make a recommendation in terms of your preferred project proposal. Once you have identified your preferred option you are then required to develop a high-level Project Plan or a Project Initiation Document (PID) for your chosen project.

The proposed project must be designed toimprove maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes in Malawi. The budget has been agreed as £500,000 and the project should last no longer than 3 years in duration. There are a number of potential approaches you can take to the brief by proposing large scale projects or a number of smaller integrated projects. The proposal must be realistic, within the timeframe and budget as stated.

*Requirements of the Coursework*

1. Option Development and Appraisal.Identify 3 options in response to the project brief. You need to appraise the three options identified in terms of risk, benefits, costs, time and fit with the overall aims of the project brief, you can identify any other criteria you deem appropriate.
2. Business Case.Following your option appraisal you are required to make a recommendation on the most beneficial potential project strategy to adopt. You must ensure you provide a clear rationale for your choice and present a high level business case for the project.
3. Scope. You must define the Scope of the project identifying the overall aim of the project, the objectives and the project deliverables. You must include a summary of the main considerations and assumptions you have made in formulating your project scope. You should also include critical success factors and criteria.
4. Plan.You must provide a project plan, identifying the key phases and life cycle of the project. The report should include a work breakdown structure (WBS) and a ‘project schedule’ (Gantt chart). You should also discuss the approach to the plan, including how the project has been broken down into phases, any critical activities and any milestones or any decision gates.
5. Organisation. Identify the organisational breakdown structure of the project and also identify any partners who will help deliver the project.
6. Risk.A risk assessment of the project and the project plan should be undertaken. You must also identify measures to minimise each of the risks and whether there remains any residual risk following your risk responses.
7. Stakeholders.There should also be a discussion of the key issues and concerns in terms of stakeholders, identifying which stakeholders have the potential to have the most significant impact on the project. You must also include a stakeholder matrix and identify how you will deal with the stakeholders.
8. Change and Quality.You should identify any specific controls you will put in place to monitor and control the project including an outline of the change control mechanisms and who will have responsibility for change control decisions within the project. You should also include a high level quality plan and identify required quality controls.
9. Conclusion.The report should include a conclusion and recommendations section that pulls all the disparate elements together. Identify any areas of further investigation/research necessary and any decisions that require to be resolved in order to obtain all the information required to implement the project.

You MUST cover all 9 Partsabove in your paper.

Sources and useful links
BBC NEWS, 2017. Malawi and unicef launch drone air corridor. [online] Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-40441790 [Accessed August 7th 2017]
CHRISTIAN AID, Annual accounts. [online] Available from: https://www.christianaid.org.uk/sites/default/files/2016-10/annual-report-15-16.pdf [Accessed August 7th 2017]
CHRISTIAN AID, From TBAs to ‘mother companions’ stories of change from karonga district malawi. [online] Available from: http://programme.christianaid.org.uk/programme-policy-practice/sites/default/files/2017-06/UKAM-Malawi-case-study-2-maternal-healthcare-tbas-June2017.pdf [Accessed August 7th 2017]
CHRISTIAN AID, Malawi context analysis for accountability interventions to support the delivery of FP2020 commitments. [online] Available from: http://programme.christianaid.org.uk/programme-policy-practice/sites/default/files/2016-09/Action2020-family-planning-Malawi-context-analysis.pdf [Accessed August 7th 2017]
CHRISTIAN AID, Stories of change from karonga district. [online] Available from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/childhoodinfantandperinatalmortalityinenglandandwales/2015 [Accessed August 7th 2017]
CHRISTIAN AID, 2015. Malawi annual report. [online] Available from: http://www.christianaid.org.uk/images/Malawi-Annual-report-Sept-2015.pdf [Accessed August 7th 2017]
LAWSON. M, MAZENGERA, S., NKHOMA-MBAWA, F., NOEL, T, 2008. Malawi essential health services campaign: Country case study. [online] Oxfam. Available from: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/malawi-essential-health-services-campaign-country-case-study-112513 [Accessed August 7th 2017]
OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS, 2017. Childhood mortality rate for england and wales. [online] Available from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/childhoodinfantandperinatalmortalityinenglandandwales/2015 [Accessed August 7th 2017]
WORLD BANK, 2017. World bank country overview, malawi. [online] Available from: http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/malawi/overview [Accessed August 7th 2017]

Coursework Aim:

To promote an understanding of the key principles, concepts and strategies of project management. To examine the broad project environment and apply project management tools and techniques to a real or case study project.

Coursework Learning Outcomes:

Module Learning Outcomes Briefing Requirement
Critically review the project life-cycle phases, processes, tools and techniques and the broader environment in which projects take place. 1. Option Development and Appraisal.
2. Business Case.
3. Scope
4. Plan
Develop a critical awareness of the issues involved in the development of project planning and control activities, including anticipating and assessing business environmental impacts in the earliest stages of project planning. 1. Option Development and Appraisal.
2 Business Case
6 Risk
7 Stakeholders
Critically evaluate the project objectives of cost, quality and time and the trade-offs and interaction between these objectives. 1. Option Development and Appraisal.
2. Business Case.
6. Risk
7. Stakeholders
Develop in broad outline for a case project a Project Plan. 4. Plan
5. Organisation.
6. Risk
7. Stakeholders
Evaluate the relationship between change management and project management and be able to establish a change management process. 6. Risk
8. Change and Quality

Presentation Format/Instructions:(word count/report/essay/etc)

Note
A cover page is required with the word count displayed. 10% over or under this limit is acceptable. Failure to keep within 10% of the designated word count will result in a penalty of a reduction of one grade. Any appendices you may attach are not included in the word count. You must include a statement on the front cover of your work that gives the word count. You must comply with staff requests to submit to Turnitin and provide a receipt where asked to do so.

Harvard referencing should be used throughout.

Criteria for Assessment:
The grading grid is included at the end of the document, the following is meant as some additional guidance in terms of successfully completing your assignment.

When writing your scope make sure you underpin this with an appropriate set of objectives, these objectives should act as stepping stones that allow you to deliver on your overall aim. You should also ensure you include exclusions from scope. Be sure to align your deliverables to your objectives, each of your objectives should have a least one deliverable.
When planning your project as well as producing a WBS and a Gantt you must also provide some discussion that outlines your approach to planning in terms of project phasing and milestones. You must make sure that your plans align to your overall objects, do not include anything here that is an addition to your scope, if you do go back and have a look at your scope. Either adjust the scope or adjust the plan but make sure that everything aligns.
In terms of stakeholder and risk analysis you must discuss the key issues here as well as producing a risk assessment matrix and a stakeholder power/interest grid. Again the key here is to include some critical discussion.
Change control and quality management is key to this project. Do not address change and quality in a generic manner make sure you are addressing the specifics of your project here: for example who has the authority to make changes or what the thresholds at which change would have to be referred to a more senior management. Likewise the quality control process, you should identify what aspects will be subject to quality control, how they will be monitored, and who will have responsibility for this.

Instructions for submission:
Submission is required through Turnitin only. Submissions will be marked through Turnitin and the feedback and marks will also be released by this method. You may upload drafts of your coursework to check your Turnitinsimilarity score up until the submission date. The version of the assignment in the drop box when the submission date passes will be the version that is marked. Please note that Turnitin will only accept on submission in a 24 hour period.

Word limit/presentation time limit Word limit :3900 – 4000 Words
Academic Honesty:
It is your responsibility to ensure that your work conforms to the requirements for academic honesty. The details below are a brief reminder of what constitutes academic dishonesty/cheating.
Plagiarism

You may lose marks if you do not cite sources accurately. If you fail to reference sources properly, the effect is to misrepresent the amount of work done. Passing someone else’s work off as your own is plagiarism.
Plagiarism (i.e. presenting the thoughts or writings of others as your original work, without properly identifying and referencing the source), is unacceptable behaviour and will be regarded as a serious breach of Regulations by the School and the University. This includes copying part or all of a dissertation, copying from another student’s work, or the un-attributed quotation of even a single sentence written by another author. Remember you are required to sign a declaration that you have acknowledged all quotations and all sources of information.

Falsification or fabrication of data

This is another form of cheating. If there are doubts about the authenticity of your work, for example the results of a questionnaire, you may be required to provide documentary evidence as proof. Any materials which have been used in the production of your work such as completed questionnaires, letters, computer files, etc., should be retained by you (the student) as evidence until you have received your final award. Staff may wish to review and consider your data set in the light of the work submitted.

Collusion

If two or more students work together, without prior approval, to produce the same piece of work, and then attempt to present this as entirely their own work, or if one student permits another to copy his/her work, it will be considered that an offence has been committed by all concerned.

Note
A cover page is required with the word count displayed. 10% over or under this limit is acceptable. Failure to keep within 10% of the designated word count will result in a penalty of a reduction of one grade. Any appendices you may attach are not included in the word count. You must include a statement on the front cover of your work that gives the word count. You must comply with staff requests to submit to Turnitin and provide a receipt where asked to do so.


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