Category: Essay Writing
The Garbage Project
The fabled Garbage Project has extended its study to Southern Illinois and is interested in employing
archaeological methods to reconstruct consumption patterns for residents in the Carbondale area. Phil
Juncman, the director of the project, has selected you to fill one of his coveted research assistantships.
You are responsible for analyzing a portion of the recently produced material record, or, in other words,
the contents of two trash cans. You will produce a report with your conclusions for Juncman. The trash
cans, that archeologists call “features,” are located next to the anthropology department. The anthropology
department is located on the Third Floor of Faner Hall, above the Museum. The trash cans are
in a display case beside Room 3438, in front of anthropology students’ lounge room.
You are to conduct a detailed analysis of the features and support your interpretations on the
basis of these observations. Assume that the trash was accumulated at a normal rate over a couple of
weeks. Your report needs to fully answer the following questions:
1. Construct a complete inventory of the artifacts visible in the profiles in features A & B.
2. Based on your inventories, discuss the range of activities represented in the two features.
3. In each of the features, list two cases in which you are able to reconstruct which objects were
deposited first. In each of the features list two cases in which such a reconstruction is not
4. Prepare a description of the individuals who might have produced this trash and the location
and co nditio ns under which it may have been deposited. Your answer should include
a discussion on age, sex, and number of individuals represented. You should also assess
(when appropriate) diet, personal habits, socioeconomic status, and time of year the trash
5. Would you be able to make the same description you produced in number 4 if you only
had the smaller feature to examine? If not, what information would be lacking if you could
only analyze the smaller feature?
Your first paragraph should be an introduction to the project. Then you should cover all of the
above points for the assignment in a logical order. Feel free to expand beyond these points but you
must answer everything included h ere. End the proj ect with a conclusion, summarizing the results
and the reasons behind them.
This project report is to be at least three pages long, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, and
in compositional form. The margins should be no larger than one inch. You must answer all of the
selects a CSR and governance-related topic (e.g. managing stakeholders, business ethics) and studies it in google after conducting a critical review of related theories and literature.
Write a 3,000 words individual report.
Report assessment weighting
– Topic introduction including aim/objectives, background and critical analysis
of the theories and literature on CSR and governance
– Organisational analysis, assessment and evaluation of CSR and governance
– Report structure, conclusion and recommendations
Outline as the below:
Literature review ( talk about the CSR and governance-related topics)
Case Study ( goole)
The major project is designed to guide you through the process of conducting ecological research. The main goals of the project are to:
• Develop and revise a working hypothesis through detailed field observations
• Design and implement a field experiment to collect data and test that hypothesis
• Place your experiment into a larger theoretical context by evaluating your findings in light of existing peer-reviewed literature
• Preparing a scientific report
The major project will span the length of the course, and you will have four main tasks to complete and document as you move through the stages.
Blog posts—You will create a series of blog posts documenting your efforts, including selecting and describing your study area, noticing interesting potential research subjects and patterns, formulating testable hypotheses and providing a theoretical context for your research.
Small Assignment Submissions—You will also have several small assignments related to your research project. These submissions will be evaluated and commented on. This will allow your Open Learning Faculty Member to assess your progress and give you feedback throughout the course of your research project. These submissions, each worth 3% of your final mark, include your initial field data, your research hypothesis and experimental design, an annotated bibliographic entry, your final field data, and a table or graph derived from your field data.
Annotated Bibliography—You will submit an annotated bibliography with at least 10 citations from the peer-reviewed literature, worth 10% of your final mark.
Final Project—You will prepare a final report of your project, worth 20% of your final mark. Your blog posts, and other submissions, will help you complete this final report.
Blog posts (5%)
To document your journey through your major project, you will use a weblog (blog). This space will allow you to post the different components of your study, and will allow you to comment on and share your ideas with your instructor and fellow learners in the course. To get a BIOL 3021 blog account you can email either Brian Lamb ( Blamb@tru.ca) or Colin Madland ( CMadland@tru.ca). You will be making posts to an open weblog site, so if you do not wish to use your own name, you can ask to use a pseudonym for your account. For detailed instructions on how to create your first post go to the course blog site and click on the “Tutorials” tab.
You will have nine blog assignments in seven of the modules (see timeline below and each module for the details). Each blog entry is worth 5 points (except for the multipart entry in Module 2, which is worth 10). Each entry will be evaluated using the following criteria.
Blog post evaluation criteria
Criteria 4-5 marks 2-3 marks 0-1 mark
Completeness Blog entries address all the components specified in the posting instructions. Blog entries address some of the components specified in the posting instructions. Blog entries address only a few of the components specified in the posting instructions.
Communication skills Postings are clear, concise, and free of grammatical and mechanical errors and always use appropriate terminology and key concepts when discussing course topics. Postings are usually clear, concise, and free of grammatical and mechanical errors and sometimes use scientific terminology when discussing course topics. Postings are too short/long and/or unclear and hard to understand and seldom use scientific terminology when discussing course topics.
Critical thinking Postings include exceptionally well-supported, thoughtful, and insightful comments. Postings show some evidence of critical thought and self-reflection. Postings show little or no evidence of critical thought and reflection.
Double these marks for the multipart blog post in Module 2.
Small Assignment Submissions (each worth 3%)
Each submission will be marked as 0, 1, 2, or 3 (which will correspond to the course percentage).
Submission Module Percentage
Initial field data Module 3 3%
Hypotheses/design Module 5 3%
Sample annotation Module 7 3%
Final field data Module 8 3%
Data graph or table Module 9 3%
Submission evaluation criteria
Criteria 3 marks 2 marks 0-1 mark
Completeness Submissions contain all the requested content. Submissions contain some of the requested content. Submissions contain little/none of the requested content.
Communication skills Submissions are clear, concise, and free of grammatical and mechanical errors and always use appropriate terminology and key concepts when discussing course topics. Submissions are usually clear, concise, and free of grammatical and mechanical errors and sometimes use scientific terminology when discussing course topics. Submissions are too short/long and/or unclear and hard to understand and seldom use scientific terminology when discussing course topics.
Annotated Bibliography (10%)
As part of your project you will create an annotated bibliography of ten references. An annotated bibliography is a list of bibliographic references with a description of the information that you found in the reference. The kind of information you include in the annotation will depend on your need and the purpose for compiling the bibliography.
Your annotations should be a fully integrated paragraph that summarizes the most important findings of the article and relates those findings to your research project. Specifically, you will need to describe the study organism, study area, research objectives, results and conclusions, and how the source is pertinent to your research. How was this source useful (or not) to your research. You can also critique the source: if any of the methods, results or conclusions seem biased or questionable, it is appropriate to voice this kind of evaluation in the annotation.
For an example of an annotation, information about citations, and referencing, go to the Module 7 tutorial “Citation styles, reference managers and annotation”.
Annotated bibliography evaluation criteria
Criteria Weight High marks Partial marks Low marks
Citation style 10 The citation style matches the required format exactly The citation style largely matches the required format, but there are some deviations The citation style is inconsistent and rarely follows the required format
Grammar and punctuation 10 Citations and annotations have proper grammar and punctuation Citations and annotations have a few grammatical and/or punctuation mistakes Citations and annotations have many grammatical and/or punctuation mistakes
Writing quality 20 Annotations are clear, concise, and well organized Annotations are usually but not consistently clear, concise, and well organized Annotations are unclear, too long or short, and hard to understand
Article summary 30 Annotations summarize key findings of articles and describe study organisms, areas, and objectives, results and conclusions Annotations summarize key findings of articles but do not fully describe study organisms, areas, and objectives, results and conclusions Annotations do not adequately summarize key findings of articles nor fully describe study organisms, areas, and objectives, results and conclusions
Article relevance 30 Annotations clearly describe how articles are relevant to student’s research Annotations somewhat describe how articles are relevant to student’s research Annotations do not adequately describe how articles are relevant to student’s research
In addition to the above criteria, the student will need to have annotated at least 10 articles for full marks. They will lose 10% of their mark for every article less than the required 10. For example, if they submit eight articles, their maximum mark will be 80%.
Final Report (20%)
The final report is due after you complete Module 12. Scientific reports have a simple and consistent organization consisting usually of five parts: introduction, methods, results, discussion, and literature cited. The report on your field research project will follow this format and be between 10-15 double-spaced pages, not including figures, tables, or references. The papers you have read for the course and for your literature review will also provide you with examples of the type of information you will need to include.
For more details on how to prepare your final report, go to the Module 10 tutorial “The structure of scientific reports.”
Final report evaluation criteria
Criteria Weight High marks Partial marks Low marks
background 10 Context for the study is clearly stated; study is a logical extension of existing research Study given some context but it is not clear exactly how study relates No or little context is given and there is little to no sense of how study relates to existing research
Importance 3 Importance of study clearly stated Importance of study stated, but not clearly Little sense of relevance of study
Goals 4 Goals of the study are clear and logical Goals of the study stated, but somewhat unclear or imprecise Goals are unclear, inconsistent or illogical
Hypothesis 3 Hypothesis and prediction clearly stated and related to background Hypothesis and prediction somewhat unclear or imprecise Hypothesis and prediction unclear, imprecise or illogical
Study area 4 Study area clearly described; details are relevant to the study organism and design Study area somewhat clearly described but details not necessarily relevant to study Study area poorly described with little relevant details
Variables 4 Response and predictor variables well-defined, clearly stated and techniques used to measure them clearly described Response and predictor variables somewhat well-defined but some uncertainty in what information was collected or how it was measured Response and predictor variables unclear; poor description of what information was collected or how it was measured
Sample design 5 Sample design clearly described and unambiguous; sample unit clearly defined Sample design described with some ambiguity; sample unit description somewhat imprecise Sample design poorly described; protocol and sample unit unclear
Analytical method 2 What type of analytical design (e.g., regression, ANOVA) the data fit into clearly described Analytical design somewhat clearly described Analytical design poorly described
Replication, randomization, independence 5 It is clear how samples were replicated, how randomization was incorporated into the study, and how independence was assessed There is some uncertainty about how samples were replicated, how randomization was incorporated into the study, and how independence was assessed How samples were replicated, how randomization was incorporated into the study, and how independence was assessed is poorly described
Results (text) 10 The results are clearly stated and supported by the data; no interpretation of the results is presented The presentation of the results or their support by the data are somewhat unclear; results intermixed with some interpretation Results poorly presented and unclear or their support from the data dubious; results and interpretation intermixed
Tables and Figures (10)
Captions 2 Figure captions and/or table headings clear and able to stand on their own without reference to the body of the report Figure captions and/or table headings somewhat clear but not able to stand on their own without reference to the body of the report Figure captions and/or table headings unclear and poorly presented or organized
Labels 2 Figure axes and table columns are clearly labeled Figure axes and table columns are somewhat clearly labeled Figure axes and table columns are poorly labeled
Clarity 4 The body of the table or figure has a clear meaning and is well-organized The meaning of the body of the table or figure is somewhat unclear and/or disorganized The body of the table or figure is unclear and is poorly organized
Redundancy 2 Tables and figures are not redundant with each other or with the text of the results There is some overlap in content between tables, figures, and the text of the results There is considerable overlap in content between tables, figures, and the text of the results
Hypothesis 3 It is clearly stated whether the hypothesis was supported or falsified It is somewhat unclear whether the hypothesis was supported or falsified There is no indication of whether the hypothesis was supported or falsified
Clarity 6 The interpretation of the results is clearly stated, logically presented, and directly related to the hypothesis The interpretation of the results is somewhat clearly stated, logically presented, or directly related to the hypothesis The interpretation of the results is unclear, illogical, or unrelated to the hypothesis
Context 6 The interpretation of the results is related to the background presented in the Introduction The connection between the study results and the background is implied but not clearly made The connection between the study results and the background is very unclear or poorly made
Importance 5 The importance of the study results is clearly stated The importance of the study results is somewhat clearly stated The importance of the study results is unclear or poorly stated
Within-text citations 3 In-text citations are consistently and properly formatted In-text citations have some errors of style or punctuation In-text citations are inconsistently or incorrectly formatted
Bibliography 3 The bibliography is consistently and properly formatted The bibliography has some errors of style or punctuation The bibliography is inconsistently or incorrectly formatted
Writing quality (14)
Clarity 10 The writing is clear, articulate, well-organized, and logical throughout The writing lacks clarity and organization is places or has inconsistencies in style The writing is unclear and lacking in organization, logical presentation or style
Spelling, punctuation, grammar 4 There are very few to no errors of spelling, punctuation, or grammar There a few errors of spelling, punctuation, or grammar There are many errors of errors of spelling, punctuation, or grammar
Major Project Timeline
Module Blog Posts Assignment Submissions Final Components (Annotated Bibliography/Final Report)
1. Course Introduction Select and describe study area, evaluate information sources
2. Ecology as a Science Select research subject/pattern to study, formulate initial hypothesis
3. Environmental Factors Collect initial field data, discuss virtual sampling tutorial Initial field data
4. Ecological Energetics Reflect on feasibility of initial hypothesis and sampling strategy, evaluate other student’s hypotheses
5. Disturbance & Succession Revise (if necessary) initial hypothesis, develop experimental/sampling design Research hypothesis/prediction, experimental/sampling design
6. Biomes &Ecozones Conduct field sampling and describe progress
7. Community Structure Field sampling, literature review, theoretical context for research One annotated bibliography entry
8. Species Interactions I Field sampling, literature review Field data
9. Species Interactions II Literature review, final report One graph or table generated from field data
10. Biodiversity Work on Final Report and Annotated Bibliography
11. Landscape Ecology Work on Final Report and Annotated Bibliography
12. Conservation Final Report and Annotated Bibliography due
The pitch of an audio signal is an important parameter in the analysis of the information contained
in the signal. The pitch of a typical information-bearing signal such as speech varies constantly and
can sometimes be difficult to identify without resorting to computationally intensive analysis
techniques. Another common difficulty with robust pitch detection is that its value can sometimes
be close to or equal to the frequency of the first formant, particularly for female or young voices.
The purpose of the proposed project is to investigate the key design criteria for an efficient real-time
pitch detector. These criteria will include the principles and software implementation of the lowlevel
signal capture, analysis and display as well as an intuitive user-interface design.
1. Familiarize yourself with the principles of pitch detection (and document it).
2. Familiarize yourself with the existing pitch detectors in the Opus codec (and document it).
3. Based on 1 and 2 above, design an efficient pitch detector which you think will be a good
addition to the Opus codec.
4. Implement the above design in Matlab and document the process.
For this research project, you will consider a very practical question. While it mayinitially seem unrelated to the Christian worldview, as you study it, you will see that it has deep implications for the Christian businessperson and the Kingdom of God. The issue is: “which form of business organization is best for a client in a given situation and how should that entity be taxed?”
As noted, at first blush, this very practical question may seem to have very little to do with the Christian worldview. That conclusion, however, would be in error. The Bible is a very practical book and it is concerned with every facet of our lives. There is no part of the universe over which Jesus is not Lord (See, e.g., Matthew 28:18). Accordingly, there is no part of our lives with which He is not concerned.
Further, we as Christians should be good stewards of what God has given us, and we should be about the business of being fruitful and multiplying and taking dominion over the Earth (See, e.g., Genesis 1:28–31, 9:1 and 7). A primary means for accomplishing these goals is through just commercial activity conducted through business enterprises.
Consider this: the Pilgrims and Puritans who settled what is now Massachusetts did so via the business organization known as a Joint Stock Company. Business enterprises have developed cures for various diseases. They have built skyscrapers that tower over the landscape like mountains and dug vast tunnels under the sea beds. Businesses have been essential in accomplishing this amazing level of dominion over the earth and helping us to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth just as God commanded.
Therefore, choosing the right business organization form and tax regime for a new business is very much a God-honoring endeavor. With that said, now consider the following fact pattern for this research project:
Alex, Bill, Carl, and Devon inherit from their Dad an operating organic farm in New State. The farm includes an orchard, various vegetable garden tracts, fields usually planted in grains, several trout ponds, and a poultry operation. In addition to selling the various organic products, the farm usually invites the public in each year during the fall for a corn maze, pumpkin patch, and other amusements. Alex, Bill, Carl, and Devon were never interested in farming, so their cousin, Xavier, was trained to run the farming operation by Dad and has been helping Dad do so for the past 5 years. Xavier wants to continue to do that, and Alex, Bill, Carl, and Devon are willing for him to continue to do that. Therefore, they want to form a business entity to own the farm, which Dad ran as a sole proprietorship. Obviously, they don’t want a lot of formalities or complexities to “fool with” since they want Xavier to handle the day-to-day operations of the farm. Further, they want to minimize their taxes on the entity, they want to avoid any personal liability from the farming operations, and they want to keep the business in the family (it might be fine to sell interests in the business to their kids or to Xavier, but they would not want a stranger owning part of the business).
They have discussed the deal with Xavier, and he is very excited. In fact, he proposes that the business borrow an additional $500,000 and expand its operations to include a vineyard. There is a bank willing to offer financing, but Alex, Bill, Carl, and Devon would have to be willing to sign personal guarantees. They are still thinking it over, but they probably will proceed with Xavier’s plan for expansion.
They want you to be their accountant in New State, and therefore they come to you for advice as to which would be the best form of business organization to use for operating of the farm.
Alex, Bill, Carl, Devon, and Xavier are all Christians and want their business to be organized and operated in accordance with the Christian worldview.
In view of their situation described above, which form of business organization would you recommend? Explain fully, including the strengths and weaknesses of each form of business organization and be sure to make application to the specific facts of this situation. Assume for the purposes of this assignment that New State has typical statutes governing business organizations and that New State’s taxation of business organizations follows the federal regime.
Suggest Helpful Resources:
For an excellent article discussing the relative advantages and disadvantages of s-corporation taxation and partnership taxation, see Walter D. Schwidetzky, Integrating Subchapters K and S—Just Do It, 62 Tax Law. 749 (2009).For an excellent discussion of one of the primary benefits of s-corporation taxation for many closely held businesses, the minimization of employment taxes, see Timothy M. Todd, Multiple-Entity Planning to Reduce Self-Employment Taxes: Recent Cases Demonstrate the Pitfalls and How to Avoid Them, 13 Journal of Tax Practice & Procedure 31 (April/May 2011).
This is the question: What is economic inequality and why does it matter? Discuss with reference to one country or society.
Must be structured with introduction, explaining aims etc..
important to use a relevant case study, facts/ figures, use readings (5 or more at least) use key words/ phrases, clear explanation.
You should *present and substantiate an argument* concerning a current economic issue of China. No topic reviews, no cultural explanations, no international politics, etc.
Developing plans for monitoring client progress and counseling outcomes is part of effective practice. Specific techniques provide evidence-based data that identify goal progress and outcomes. For the second component of your course project, you will discuss your strategies for continuously monitoring client progress during the course of counseling and reviewing and evaluating outcomes at termination.
Developing a plan for continuous monitoring and outcome evaluation will help you to:
•Devise a strategy to continuously assess and monitor client progress toward accomplishing goals.
•Evaluate and determine specific techniques to assess and monitor client progress using various techniques, including observation, scales, surveys, et cetera.
•At termination of counseling, review counseling outcomes and evaluate if counseling treatment interventions have affected client change and goal accomplishment.
This is the second component of your course project. For this assignment, you will discuss your strategies for continuously monitoring client progress over the course of counseling and reviewing outcomes at termination.
In your paper, address the following:
•Your strategy for continuously monitoring client progress during the course of counseling through the use of various techniques (such as observation, scales, surveys).
•Your specific plan for reviewing counseling outcomes and evaluating if counseling treatment interventions have impacted client change and goal accomplishment.
•Your strategy for monitoring client progress during the course of counseling. Choose at least one technique to implement to determine goal progress and client change and discuss the method for using this technique (for example, observation, scales, and surveys).
•Your plan for assessing client outcomes at the termination of counseling and your strategy for reviewing and evaluating if counseling treatment interventions have impacted client change and goal accomplishment.
Your paper should be 4–6 pages double-spaced.
Review the scoring guide to understand how you will be graded on this assignment. This assignment is due at the end of this unit.
[u04d1] Unit 4 Discussion 1
scoring guide icon Discussion Participation Scoring Guide.
Describe briefly your reactions to the course content and raise any questions you have about the assigned readings. You will need to post by the end of Week 8 to meet the participation requirements for the course. No peer responses are required.
Unit 4 Updates and Handouts
Periodically, information will be posted in this space for the good of the class.
Ask Your Instructor
This thread was created to provide a convenient space for you to ask questions—questions about particular assignment and discussion activities, questions about the course in general, questions about expectations. If there is something that you feel you could use help with, please post your question here. Most likely, some of your classmates will have the same concern, so your post may help several learners. If you feel your question is private, please use the Messages tool found under Notifications.
1) Brief Introduction of Toyota, the present position and background of the company.
2) Briefly describe Toyota presence in at least 10 countries either by its own name (franchising) or by means of controlled subsidiaries (strategic alliances, joint venture, partnership, foreign direct investment). Give examples of Toyota foreign investment.
3) Describe and illustrate 2 types of international entry strategy being followed by Toyota in any of its strategically important markets.
– Explanation should include how and why Toyota entered that foreign market, the factors for expansion, what Toyota seeks in that foreign country.
– Consideration of illustration should also include (the stages model)cultural risk, political risk, currency risk and commercial risk.
– explain the motivations for entry into collaborative ventures (if any) and the attributes that Toyota considers when looking for a suitable joint venture partners in the host country.
4) Assume that Toyota is in the process of staffing a subsidiary in an ‘Asian’ country. What type of staffing strategy do you expect it would deploy in order to fill that position? Why would it consider using expatriate managers? Local managers? Third-country managers? Give examples relating to Toyota
– Consideration should be given to staffing strategy such as culture, recruiting, motivating , training.
– Toyota approaches to staffing policy. Is it a matter of policy or choice and the pros and cons.
5) What universal selection criteria do you think Toyota would use to determine the most important in choosing people for an overseas assignment?
Identify and describe the four selection criteria that you judge to be of most universal importance, defend your choice and provide reasons why you would expect your chosen company to agree or disagree with you.
– Challenges that Toyota faces about International Human Resource Management.
6) In general, why do expatriates return home earlier than was originally planned for their international posting? What can multinational corporations do to prevent this from happening? Identify and discuss three steps MNCs can take and consider if there is any evidence available to you to implicate whether Toyota deploys any of those steps.
– Harvard Refencing Only (be sure to cite specific parts of your sources for that evidence)
– Research from journals and literatures
– Marks will be given base on :
• logical coherence of discussion
• extent of evidence presented in support of your opinion
• evidence of extensive research on the selected company
• structure/organisation of content
• conciseness and clarity
For this assignment, attend a group in progress and complete a paper on your reactions to the experience. This paper should be 4–5 pages in length and include the following:
•Description of the group: name, type, setting, members, and other pertinent information.
•Your personal reactions about the group: ?Were you comfortable or uncomfortable in the group?
?Did you share? If you did, how did that experience feel?
?How did the group members respond to you?
•Your observations and analysis about the process: ?What rules did you observe? Were any of the rules violated and, if so, how did that affect the meeting?
?What roles (functional or dysfunctional) were evident among the group members? At what stage of the group process was the group functioning?
?How effective was the group leader? What skills or best practice standards did you see the group leader using? What did you like or dislike about the group and its leader? Explain.
•Your recommendations: Based on what you have learned in this course and in COUN5241, what recommendations would you offer to the group leader in terms of best practice standards, group dynamics, ethical and cultural considerations, and the therapeutic process?
This is a paper of your reactions and your feelings. Due to the reflective nature of this paper, writing in the first person is acceptable. However, your formatting should follow APA guidelines, and any resources must be acknowledged. This assignment is due at the end of Week 8.
Note: Be sure to maintain confidentiality when writing your reaction paper. Do not include names or specific situations of group members that would identify them or other group members.